HIV/AIDS: Respiratory Care Implications
||HIV/AIDS: Respiratory Care Implications
||Respiratory Care, JCAHO Recommended and OSHA Required, Nursing and General Healthcare
Upon successful completion of this module, you will be able to:
- Discuss the etiology of HIV/AIDS infections.
- Explain diagnostic tools available for detecting presence of HIV and other opportunistic infections.
- List factors that play a role in perinatal transmission of HIV infection.
- Outline recent pediatric guidelines for antiretroviral management of children with HIV disease.
- Identify the most common opportunistic infections associated with HIV-infected patients.
- Identify clinical management protocols for HIV/AIDS-infected patients.
- Discuss the impact of the HIV/AIDS infection on healthcare professionals.
- The care and support of persons with HIV disease.
- The legal rights of persons with AIDS and other legal aspects.
April 4, 1981 "...Any unusual outbreak of a disease is, in medical jargon, an epidemic. With five cases of Pneumocystis diagnosed in five gay men over the past few months in just one city (Los Angeles), the phenomena Gottleib and Shandea were studying fit the necessary criteria for an epidemic. One man was already dead. Gottleib had the queasy feeling that there was something bigger, something catastrophic lurking behind this. Five cases of an uncommon illness in just a few months meant that the disease was no longer uncommon among gay men, Gottleib thought, and chances were that it was going to get a lot more uncommon in the months to come." (from Randy Shiltsą And The Band Played On) On Friday, June 5, 1981, the Centers for Disease Control Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report published what would be the first report on the epidemic we now call AIDS, based on the Los Angeles cases of Pneumocystis that Drs. Michael Gottleib and Joel Weisman had seen in the previous months. The disease was then called "GRID" (Gay Related Immune Disease) and the cause was unknown. There were five known cases in the United States on that June 5th, 1981. What we were to learn about this disease, now called AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) and about the causative virus HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus), were to create an alarming picture. We couldnąt know at that time that the virus had already been around for a number of years infecting in a silent and deadly manner and establishing the base for a worldwide epidemic.